Which group was harmed most by Mao’s Great Leap Forward?
- Communist party leaders
- Farmers and poor workers
- Military leaders
- Scholars and educators
The answer of the question above is number 2 which is farmers and poor workers
The Great Leap Forward was a push by Mao Zedong to transform China from the agrarian society became a modern industrial society in a short time. It is obviously an impossible goal, but Mao used his power to force the large society to try. And the result is even worst.
Mao hopes to raise the agricultural output while also taking the farmers from agricultural into the manufacturing sector. Moa had the farmers to plant crops close together expecting that the stems would support one another and plowing up to six feet deep to encourage root growth. This planting strategy even damaged the field land and dropped the corps yield. Mao also forced the society to set up manufacturing where people could change scrap metal into useful steel. The families had to meet the quotas of the steel production, so in desperation, they often melted their own items such as pots, pans, and farms appliances. It did not meet the demand but only produced low iron quality and absolutely useless.
The consequences, due to disastrous economic policy and the bad weather condition, it is estimated that 20 to 40 million people died in China. Most of the victims starved to death in the countryside.