Why was Timbuktu an important location in Mali’s Empire?
the answer is :
It was a scholarly centre in Africa
Timbuktu, likewise spelt Tinbuktu, Timbuctoo and Timbuktoo, is an antiquated city in Mali, arranged 20 km (12 mi) north of the Niger Stream. The town is the capital of the Timbuktu Area, one of the eight authoritative areas of Mali. It had a populace of 54,453 in the 2009 evaluation.
Beginning as an occasional settlement, Timbuktu turned into a changeless settlement ahead of schedule in the twelfth century. After a move in exchanging courses, Timbuktu prospered from the exchange salt, gold, ivory and slaves. It turned out to be a piece of the Mali Realm ahead of schedule in the fourteenth century. In the principal half of the fifteenth century, the Tuareg clans took control of the city for a brief period until the extending Songhai Domain assimilated the city in 1468. A Moroccan armed force crushed the Songhai in 1591 and made Timbuktu, as opposed to Gao, their capital. The trespassers built up another decision class, the Arma, who after 1612 turned out to be for all intents and purposes autonomous of Morocco. Nonetheless, the brilliant age of the city, amid which it was a noteworthy learning and social focal point of the Mali Domain, was finished, and it entered a long stretch of decrease. Distinctive clans represented until the point that the French assumed control in 1893, a circumstance that endured until the point that it turned out to be a piece of the present Republic of Mali in 1960. By and by, Timbuktu is devastated and experiences desertification.
In its Brilliant Age, the town’s various Islamic researchers and broad exchanging system made conceivable a critical book exchange: together with the grounds of the Sankore Madrasah, an Islamic college, this built up Timbuktu as an insightful focus in Africa. A few outstanding memorable essayists, for example, Shabeni and Leo Africanus, have depicted Timbuktu. These stories fuelled theory in Europe, where the city’s notoriety moved from being to a great degree rich to being baffling.